water polution

Introduction

There have been many people accepting polluted environments in exchange for modernizing and industrializing their countries. Once the countries are rich, they will use the money to refresh the contaminated environment. For some recent decades, many poor countries are sacrificing the environment for the goal of becoming developed countries. And Vietnam, with the hope of becoming an economic dragon of Asia, has been acting in this way in developing the economy.

As a result, Vietnam is now facing many environmental problems, especially in terms of river pollution.

Facts about River Pollution

Shrunk Usable Water Source

The number of water resources of Vietnam for domestic using, cultivating, and manufacturing is about two hundred and fifty-five billion cubic meters annually. However, it is estimated that because of inadequate physical infrastructure and lack of financial capacity, the utilization of water is only fifty-three billion cubic meters per year [1].

This figure has been becoming smaller and smaller because the untreated wastewater poured directly into rivers from factories, hospitals and households make the rivers seriously contaminated. If there is no solution to break this situation, we will no longer have clean water for domestic using, cultivating, and manufacturing.

Damages from River Pollution

With the economy development, the Vietnamese GDP has been increasing at about eight to nine percent each year lately, the second-highest increasing rate in the world, and many people are optimistic about this.

However, this is a false achievement because we do not take the cost of rehabilitating the polluted environment into account. There is not any statistic about the cost of cleaning the river pollution on a national scale. But, it must be, in reality, a huge number. The Nhieu Loc-Thi Nghe canal in Ho Chi Minh City, for instance, is just eighty-sixed hundred meters in length but it costs someone hundred sixteen million and six hundred thousand dollars for being refreshed its polluted water [2].

The Tan Hiep water-processing plant in Ho Chi Minh City is in probability to be stopped operating because the water supplied from the Sai Gon River is being severely polluted [3]. This means that the city’s people are facing the danger of a lack of freshwater. Besides, there are intangible damages due to river pollution. The health of the people is negatively influenced by the polluted water source. The contaminated river water can cause aquatic living things sick or dead. They are also disease-transmitting factors for people. If people eat them, they can be sick or more seriously, be killed.

The life of many river-based people is becoming worse. Furthermore, river tourism is heavily damaged. Generally, polluted river water badly affects many aspects of the economy and society. Apparently, these damages are too huge to be estimated and many destroy from the polluted river environments are never recovered.

What Are the Causes?

The high density of population and industrial factories is the main cause of river contamination. The areas relating to the Cau, Nhue-Day, and Dong Nai river systems have roughly fifteen thousand industrial factories, eleven hundred craft villages, thirty hundred medical clinics, and hospitals [4].

Most of these organizations have sent untreated wastewater directly into the river. The common chemicals found in the rivers are BOD, COD, TSS, NH3, H2S, Coliform, Zinc, Lead, Copper, Tin, and Iron. These chemicals are always in the content surpassing the limit values of the Industrial Wastewater Discharge Standards 5945-2005 (TCVN 5945-2005) [5]. Besides, because of a lack of environmental protection awareness, many citizens litter wastes into the drainage systems and rivers. Of the polluted rivers, the Thi Vai is considered to be the most severe.

It receives roughly twenty thousand cubic meters of wastewater each day from such industrial zones as Nhon Trach, My Xuan, Go Dau, Phu My, Cai Mep. It is becoming a giant toxic water source.

These gases make living things in the river dead. The low content of DO (Dissolved Oxygen) is caused by the high amount of COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand) and BOD (Biochemical Oxygen Demand) in the river. COD and BOD are the oxygen necessary for chemically and biologically disintegrating organic substances. However, if COD and BOD are too high in the content, they reduce the DO in the water, and then, anaerobic bacteria are more active [6]. This makes the aquatic living things dead or grows abnormally.

Finding Solutions

To solve the problem of river pollution in Vietnam is a very complicated issue. It relates to financial capacity, human resources, environment law frames, technology, a life of people, economic and manufacturing organizations… However, if the Vietnamese government has a high resolution and accesses appropriate methods, then the problem can be solved. The process of refreshing the river environment should be divided into two phases. In the short term, the government must be able to control the wastewater sources from the wastewater contributors. Fining water pollution-causing organizations has been a popular action up to now. However, reality shows that this is not an effective solution.

They accept the fine because it is much cheaper than building a standard wastewater-treating system. So, the government must have a stricter punishment. If any polluted wastewater-contributing organization does not invest an adequate wastewater-treating system, it should be forced to stop operating. In the long term, the government must have macro orientations. The government should hire experienced foreign environment experts to cooperate with Vietnamese river environment specialists to observe and figure out river water-improving plans. Educating environment protection for the citizens has to be applied from kindergartens.

If this comes true, our later generations will be environment protectors; there will be no longer anyone littering garbage into the rivers.

Conclusion

Through more than two decades of Doi Moi Policy (Innovation), the Vietnamese economy has increased, however, our polluted environment in general and contaminated rivers, in particular, are apparently the high price we are paying for it. This teaches us a lesson that economic development has to accompany protecting the environment, especially the river water resource because without water there is not any life.

Post Script When this essay was being written, there was the Summit of Asian Mega Cities held in Osaka, Japan (also AMS). One of the biggest concerns at the summit was about the environment. Many delegates were in the opinion that economic development had to parallel to environment protection. Mr. Nguyen Van Phuoc, vice director of the Department of Ho Chi Minh City Natural Resources and Environment reported the seriously polluted air and river environment in Vietnamese cities and called for helps from other cities (The Tuoi Tre Newspaper, 26-October- 2007).

This can serve as a solid foundation for the argument of the essay.

References

  1. Environmental Protection Policies and Institutional Framework in Water Resources Management of Viet Nam. Access on 14-October-2007, at http://www.wepa-db.net/pdf/0702vietnam/isponre.pdf
  2. Ho Chi Minh City’s canals-back from the death. Access on 17- October-2007, at http://www.vvg-vietnam.com/canals.htm
  3. http://vietnamnet.vn/khoahoc/2007/04/684226/
  4. http://www.nld.com.vn/tintuc/chinh-tri-xa-hoi/144016.asp

"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order now and Get a Discount!

Allassignments.net
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Get better grades effortlesslyIt’s cheaper than you might think

Effortlessly get the essays and grades you need. You can now get any essay, on any subject and at ANY deadline with just 10 minutes of your time (or less). Your professor will love you for it!