the way it is

The history of humanity has shown that the influences of a select few, charting their ideas of what is right and wrong, pure or dirty, black or white may all influence cultures; but these principles do not follow a certain direction. Rather, with the continuance of culture through time, the principles have diverged human experience into thousands of different cultures. In Biology as Ideology, the argument of genetic determinism arises; ones genetic makeup and other biological factors are the main determinants of individual behavior. This theory is greatly reliant on a culture looking for a direct cause and effect relationship between the genetic makeup of humans and social ability. Like this belief, the Origin Myth in Malanowskis Magic, Science, and Religion explains how a certain Indonesian culture, namely the Trobrianders, explains their creation by using stories, experience and presentation. They argue there was an underworld world previous to life on Earth where social inequality already existed. Moreover, the channel that molds human behavior in Magic, Science, and Religion and Biology as Ideology as well, is seen to be internal; although the striking difference is that the Trobrianders rely on past events to establish truths in their lives while biological determinism finds truth by arguing genes determine cultural differences.

Both texts read that the creation of culture stems from psychological factors that are innate, but the important difference lies in why these myths were created and the cultural significance they hold. The concept of genetic determinism in Biology as Ideology is explained by how, We differ in fundamental abilities because of innate differences that are biologically inherited. Genetic Determinism argues that human genes cause inequality, in turn causing social clines and cultural diversity. Moreover, it tries to create a concrete definition of why there is cultural diversity among human beings. The Origin Myth performs a like function as well; It expresses, enhances, and codifies belief; it safeguards and enforces morality. The purpose of myth is very similar to the purpose of explaining Biological determinism. They both reason from human experience to establish cultural truth. They create a perfect world for themselves. Furthermore, Lewontin explains that we differ as humans because we were genetically trained to be unique by our parents. The struggle to define ones culture is relative to the past; Lewontin explains this by biological inheritance, while the Trobrianders explain by claiming their creation stemmed, from underground where men were organized to explain this. Again, they both create a perfect situation from their past to give truth and meaning to their culture today. Additionally, Biology as Ideology goes on to argue, there are certain inborn similarities among us all. But one must realize these innate similarities in both cultures are from an emic perspective.

The two texts are similar because one must understand the assumptions within each culture before one may understand the myths themselves. In Biology as Ideology, one must understand the nature of the genome before one can understand how the gene determines individual and social character. In the Origin Myths, most Trobrianders pass on stories explaining why things have came to be as they are; why they eat certain foods, worship certain gods, and admire certain animals. Without the context it remains lifeless. The Origin Myth and Biological Determinism are only significant if one can understand the past from which they were created. Furthermore, it is necessary to understand the context and myths before one can take them as truth. The context around the Myth Origin, and how the stories fits into their culture, is as important as the stories themselves; it is as pertinent in Biology as Ideology to understand the science before you can believe that genes are the cause of success. Understanding what is behind these cultural interpretations is important and makes these two texts quite similar. The reader cannot take for granted what is said in each text, but they must realize that the history of the myth, and the ancestors that created it, are of equal importance to the myth itself. In both cases, man has tried to explain his origin to better understand his purpose and history; in order to value everyday life. With this in mind, the importance and similarity of a hierarchal society parallels the two texts as well by explaining inequality.

Both texts explain the significance of a predetermined hierarchy which serves to explain the differences in culture and existence of inequality. Lewontin explains that we differ as humans because we were genetically trained to be unique by our parents. In Biology as Ideology it is noted, that human nature guarantees the formation of a hierarchal society. Because of these genetic differences in individuals it is innate that society will be a hierarchy. Like this view, Magic, Science, and Religion addresses the fact that different cultures were already hierarchal societies under ground and brought with them all their culture to continue it upon this Earth. The two concepts share a common idea that what one has as a human, in terms of cultural baggage, has been brought with them; it is internal. It has been transported from the past where the cultural inequalities were already defined. Both ideas agree that there were sects; people were different at the time of their creation. It was said that the differing tribes, brought with them all their culture, explaining that their underground creation was where their rank was determined. It was internal and the tribes had no way of altering the cultures they inherited. In both instances, history had a significant influence on the ideas surrounding creation. Although, one must consider the reasons why these differences in human genome and culture are significant.

Biology as Ideology explains human difference by claiming biology as the cause of culture; the Trobrianders Origin Myth explains humans are biologically equal, but differ in culture. The former argues that the differences in humans are internal; they are in our genes, our blood; the latter share the belief that this difference is internal as well. Although, it is clear the Origin Myth counter argues humans as being genetically different rather, they had distinctions of rank. The myths they create are an active force. Rather than determine their capacity in life, the myths are lived and guide them through life. On the other hand, genetic determinism describes people as having similar characteristics even though they stemmed from different cultures. Biological determinism takes aim at explaining genes to be what distinguishes you as better or worse off than your peer. This is similar to genetic determinism because differences are again associated through culture. Nations and races were said to be characterized by innate temperamental and intellectual differences. People varied because of their different abilities to think and different ways of going about everyday life. Again, they create a situation where everything was already perfect and organized. People simply arose from a large hole representatives of the four main clans. They have clearly created a myth that explains how they had cultural identity and meaning in the beginning.

In conclusion, the Trobrianders Origin Myth not only functions as a story of their creation, but it also provides the charter for life in which they live. Genetic Determinism explains that genes cause social behavior in order to explain and allow them to accept inequality. Both describe and form truths that explain difficult cultural problems that are best described as an active force by which they live. Both ideologies are similar in that they believe in an innate culture, but they argue from completely different premises to arrive at the same ends; both are charters for how they view the present World to be perfect. The Trobrianders have shown their environment has produced this difference while genetic determinism argues genes have made their environment. In one sense this makes these cultures very much alike. At the same time, it contrasts these cultures to have very different purposes and ideologies respectively. Bibliography:

"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order now and Get a Discount!

Allassignments.net
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Get better grades effortlesslyIt’s cheaper than you might think

Effortlessly get the essays and grades you need. You can now get any essay, on any subject and at ANY deadline with just 10 minutes of your time (or less). Your professor will love you for it!