the bauhaus movement in germany

Post World War I Germany set the stage for the most organized art movement in art history. The Bauhaus movement was a reaction to the social changes the Germans were facing. The country had been crushed in the war. Their economy was collapsing. Mobs of unemployed people roamed the street waiting for the country to collapse. The Germans were living in poverty and starving from the lack of supplies (Jackson). “This may seem to be an unlikely environment to support an artistic revolution. Never-the-less, for the designers of the Bauhaus, this was the beginning of a rewarding struggle” (qtd. Brodie).

In 1919 an institution called the Bauhaus was formed in Weimer. Walter Gropius was appointed as the head of the school. He had three goals that he wanted his students to achieve. Artist and craftsmen were accepted into the program in an effort to get them to work collectively to combine all of their skills. Secondly, the students were to design everyday objects as works of art. This would advance modern art into the sense of functional design. The third goal was to maintain contact with the leaders of industry so the students could be their consultants.

Ilkka Huovio stated in Bauhaus, The New Man – The New Technique that “The idealistic basis of Bauhaus was a socially orientate programme. An artist must be conscious of his social responsibility to the community. On the other hand the community has to accept the artist and support him” The movement achieved their believed responsibility to the community of Weimer, in 1924 ,with their mass housing program. There was a great shortage of housing for the working class in Weimer so the designers and architects created affordable and modern housing. The buildings were built from tax money for the workers. Although the workers disliked the new classical form social housing that the Bauhaus had designed. (Jackson). This set the school up for failure in the community. The Weimer community also thought the students were extremely radical in their appearance and behavior. The fact that women were aloud in the school and the classes were not segregated was a very modern step for the school. This influenced the women to wear their hair short and dress modern. They were being viewed as being too radical for Weiner. They were becoming more and more isolated from the community. (Boedie). In April 1925, the Thuringer government withdrew its economic support for the institute because of the political pressure that was rising in the community (Jackson).

The progressive industrial city of Dessau became the new home for the Bauhaus. For funds they created the Bauhaus GmbH to market their designs and products. They also held workshop for craftsmen to learn their techniques. Breaking away from the government funding and control gave full independence to the group. Gropius turned the Bauhaus leadership over to a Swiss architect named Hannes Meyer in 1928 (Wu.) In 1932 the National Socialist Party was in control of Dessau. They claimed that the Bauhaus was “manifestation of Jewish-Marxist propaganda.” The school was closed and the building was destroyed. The school was then moved to Berlin but was only opened for a year until the Nazis raided the school searching the communist documents. Several students were arrested for not having proper identification papers. The school was closed for the final time in Germany (Brodie).

Many of the Bauhaus artist migrated to the United States to flee the Nazi suppression. Gropius was made the Dean of the School of Architecture at Harvard. This gave the American architects a new era in modern architecture. The Bauhaus lend us their ideas of social housing for the low income. This proved to be very helpful to communities until the end of the World War II. With the raise of our economic structure the workers started leaving the cities and their high rise buildings to live in suburbs. The end of this project happened in St. Louis in 1972 when a multimillion dollar experiment failed. Minoru Yamaski designed the Pruitt-Igoe Project in 1955 for the low income families of St. Louis. The buildings were a classical Bauhaus style. With steel, glass, and concrete construction with open lawns. The building was eventually demolished with dynamite (Jackson).

In 1986 an initiative was taken to create an new independent Bauhaus in Dessau. The New Bauhaus is approaching the art in an ecological philosophy. The area around Dessau has been devastated with environmental problems from the industry. The school is looking for new solutions to deal with these problems and redevelop the housing in the decaying city (Huovio).

Although this period of art was short lived, because of the political turmoil of Europe, new media and technologies emerged from the Bauhaus that changed advanced art. The most lasting influence is in applied design in industry. “Everyone sitting on a chair with a tubular steel frame, using an adjustable reading lamp, or living in a house partly or entirely constructed from prefabricated elements is benefiting from a revolution in design largely brought about by the Bauhaus”(qtd. Whitford.)Works CitedBrodie, Laura. “Women of the Bauhaus.” Women in the Visual Arts Web Site. 20 Feb. 1999 (, Ilkka. “Bauhaus, The New Man – The New Technique.” 20 Feb. 1999(, John. “The Bauhaus.” 8 March, 1999. (, Frank. Bauhaus. London, Thames and Hudson 1984 Wu, Alexandra. “Bauhaus Background.” The University of New South Whales Web Site. 8 March, 1999 (

"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order now and Get a Discount!
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.


Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.


Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.


Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.


Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Get better grades effortlesslyIt’s cheaper than you might think

Effortlessly get the essays and grades you need. You can now get any essay, on any subject and at ANY deadline with just 10 minutes of your time (or less). Your professor will love you for it!