english grammatical tenses explanation and examples

The present perfect simple is used to indicate an action or event of the past with a consequence in the present. In this example, this tense is used to describe an action that has recently occurred. The fact that it recently happened is reinforced by the adverb just which indicates immediate past. B) Conveying Meaning: I would create a scenario. ‘Imagine you are having breakfast at home with your brother (Peter). Your mother is in the bathroom.

Your brother looks at the clock picks up his coat and runs out the door quickly to school. Your mother comes in with Pewter’s school books in her hand and says ‘Where is Peter? ‘ You say: ‘Mum, he went to school. ‘ Your mum: ‘What? When did Peter leave? Maybe I can run and give him the books” You: “A few minutes ago. He’s just left. C) Checking Meaning: Is Peter at home? No, he isn’t Did Peter leave recently or a long time ago? Recently Timeline: d) Form: Present Perfect Simple He’s just left Subject+ verb to have in the present simple (have, has)+IV (the past participle)

Just is a particle that is added to the tense to indicate the recentness of the action or event. Would elicit from students or remind them of the two possible differences of the contraction he’s. It can be he is or he has. I would give students two examples and ask them to differentiate the two. 1. She’s very beautiful. 2. She’s finished the book. Number 1 is the verb to be because it is followed by an adjective and in the second sentence it is the present perfect because it is followed by IV. E) Phonology: I would teach the fact that the sentence stress falls on just. i;z juju:SST left/ Depending on the students’ native language there may be some difficulties in producing individual phonemes. 2. Model sentence: If only I had enough money, I’d buy this phone. A) Analysis of Meaning: If only + the second conditional is used to indicate wishes or regrets about the present i. E. That we would like things to be different. B) Conveying meaning: I would use conceptualized realize with miming. ‘I have a really old phone (show my phone) it doesn’t work properly. The battery is broken. Want a new phone.

I was looking at a phone magazine (bring a phone magazine) and I saw an phone. How much do you think an phone costs? (They guess or look at the magazine). ‘ then get out my purse and show some money (less than necessary). How much money do I have? (Students answer) How much is the phone? (Students answer) (l will write the amounts on the board: I have . The Phone is will then pull a sad face and say ‘it isn’t sufficient. If only I had enough money, I would buy an phone. ‘ c) Checking meaning: Do I want to buy the phone? Yes Do I have the sufficient amount of money?

No Did I buy the new phone? No. Am I happy or sad that I don’t have the sufficient amount of money? Sad d) Form: If + only+ subject* Verb (past simple)+ object e) Pronunciation: I would teach the sentence stress, and connected speech. /librarian had infirm/ 3. Model sentence: I’m getting used to the hot weather. A) Analysis of meaning: ‘To be getting used to’ something indicates that in the past this action was strange but now the action is not so strange. I am in the process of becoming accustomed to it. B) Conveying meaning: was born in the

UK, what is the weather like in the J? (elicit rainy or wet, cold and windy). Two years ago moved to the south of Spain, what’s the weather like in the south of Spain? In my first year in Spain I was constantly hot and sweating and I couldn’t sleep. The second year I didn’t sweat as much. Coming from the UK, my body was not accustomed to this type of weather but as the years and months pass I feel that I’m getting used to it. It is still difficult but I feel that it’s easier now than the first year. C) Checking meaning: Was accustomed to hot weather? No

Am I completely accustomed to it now? No Am I in the process of being accustomed to it? Yes d) Form: Subject+ verb to be in the present simple tense (am, is ,are) + getting+ used to* noun/gerund e) Pronunciation: would indicate the weak forms that some words adopt (I’m, to, do), connected speech (to the) and the sentence stress. ‘Alma ‘getting:SST TA¶defeat¶a/ Part 2: Vocabulary 1. Lexical item: a factory a) Analysis of meaning: It is a noun which refers to a building or group of buildings where goods are manufactured or assembled mainly by machine.

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