compare and contrast europe and asia

Compare and Contrast Europe and Asia

            The geographical differences between the east and the west are among the most common distinctions that are given in order to identify the two different parts of the world. In line with this, it cannot be prevented that the development of the civilizations of Europe and Asia during the medieval times is compared.

            During the Medieval Ages, the social, political, and military aspects of Europe’s society were largely influenced by feudalism. Land plays an important role during this time as this was seen as a source of power. The political system that was observable during that time is between the feudal lords and his tenants. In relation to this, military power was also important because those who have this could assert and maintain control of the land as well as amass their own wealth. The essential part of military was in response to the weakness of their government. In terms of the social area of Europe, almost all people were involved in agricultural activities (Singman, 1999).

            On the other hand, China, Japan, and the Middle East during this time had its respective similarities and differences with Europe. China was lead by dynasties and during the medieval period, it was under the leadership of strong autocratic tendencies that are supervised by means of a secret police. The military also had an important part in China as they were treated as the most valuable fronts responsible in leading the country in war. In terms of their social situation, the citizens of China also experienced crisis especially in terms of their economic growth. However, the Chinese people were able to fully develop their potential on the field of culture and art (Lawrence, 2007). On the other hand, Japan was under feudalism that was dominated by powerful regional families, the daimyo. The political system of the country involved the emperor, the court, and the traditional central government but their authorities were largely ceremonial. The bushi or the samurai class dealt with the important political matters of the country. Military was highly essential in the country as the shogun even became the de facto ruler of Japan. The social life of the Japanese was mostly designated with works that were related with land tilling as they were under a feudal system (Hall et. al., 1988). The Middle East in the medieval ages was experiencing the rise of a new power through Islam. As such, the Caliphs and skilled military commanders that adhere to Islamic beliefs replaced the political and military scene in the Middle East that was previously headed by the Byzantine and Persian empires. The social aspect of the Middle East was able to develop its won unique culture that was a combination of Arab, Western and Byzantine influences (Lewis, 1996).

            Europe and Asia have similar perspectives when it comes to the importance that they have given to the role of their military. Europe and Japan also adhere to the feudal system during that time. Nevertheless, they tend to differ with the function of their central government as Europe has a weak government while the East has a stronger and stable political body. Lastly, they also tend to differ when it comes to social development as some of them focused on agricultural activities while others gave importance to the enhancement of their cultural heritage.


Hall, J.W., Mass, J.P., and Davis, D.L. (1988). Medieval Japan: Essays in Institutional History. California: Stanford University.

Lawrence, D.M. (2007). Dynastic, Political and Economic Timeline of China. Retrieved  June 11, 2009, from

Lewis, B. (1996). A Brief History of the Last 2,000 Years. Scribner.

Singman, J.L. (1999). Daily Life in Medieval Europe. Cincinnati: Greenwood Publishing Group.

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