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essay fast food informative speech 2

To inform my audience the secrets and dangers of the fast food industry. l. Quote A. “We have sold ourselves into a fast food model of education, and it’s impoverishing our spirit and our energies as much as fast food is depleting our physical bodies. ” Ken Robinson B. Robinson is an internationally recognized leader in the development of innovation and human resources. C. In my opinion, I think Robinson means that we have become blinded by how fast we have accepted the fast food industry. We have ignored what really goes on because we do not want to dmit it.

But if We eat fast food daily, We are trapping ourselves into paying for the effects fast food has on us emotionally and physically. (EX. Depression, weight gain, cholesterol, high blood pressure) II. Statistics A. According to pamf. org, there are more than 500,000 fast food places in America with McDonald’s being the biggest fast food chain. B. Kids between the ages of 6 and 14 eat fast food 1 times every month. (toys, etc. ) C. Unfortunately, Americans spend nearly $100 billion on fast food every year. D. McDonalds’ feeds about45 million people every day all around the world. E. Close to 60% of Americans are overweight or obese.

This can increase the risk of coronary heart disease, stroke, hypertension, diabetes, cancer, gall bladder disease, osteoarthritis, respiratory problems, and other illnesses. F. Did you know that the average strawberry milkshake contains over 50 chemicals? G. People think that fast food just makes you fat. WRONG! You can also develop sleep apnea, type 2 diabetes, impotence, high blood pressure, most types of cancer, headache, esophageal reflux, infertility, heart disease, gallstones, osteoarthritis, depression, stroke, insulin resistance, sthma, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and lower back pain.

Ill. Evidence/Examples A. Dateline NBC, a media outlet, went undercover and looked at the top 10 fast food chains. 8. They found rodents, insects, grime and debris in several places. For example, a man found chewing gum in his taco at a Taco Bell in California. In a Wendys in Chicago, they found a trapped rodent decaying in the kitchen. C. In the famous movie, Supersize Me, John Spurlock eats McDonald’s every day for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. He has many stomach cramps and vomits not too long afterwards. He gains 9. pounds after eating their fast food for five days.

By the end of the month, he gains a total of 24. 5 pound. Spurlock also admits that he is feeling very depressed and feels “out Of it”. He loses most Of his energy and develops heart palpitations. D. Personal Experience IV. How is fast food bad for you? A. For example, fries are cooked in hydrogenated oils. These oils are used to make the fries last longer in form and taste. But these oils are toxic to the body. They have been linked to heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. B. Show Website Eggs: They are not real eggs. They use a “fake” blend that looks and taste like eggs.

death penalty 55 2

There Is nothing more final than death. As such before we decide such a major Issue as the Death Penalty we better be sure of what we are doing! Superficially it may seem very simple – you kill therefore you should die – but is it really that simple? Let’s take a closer look…. In the last decade technology and DNA testing has proven that many convicted of murder were In fact not guilty of the crime. Some were alive and released after decades In Jail others unfortunately died In Jail .

Innocent people are convicted of crimes they didn’t commit more often than anyone old like to admit, and in some cases, people who were later found to be innocent have actually been put to death. One of this Is Willingham, he was convicted of arson murder In Texas. He was believed to have intentionally set a fire that killed his three kids. In 2004, he was put to death. Unfortunately, the Texas Forensic Science Commission later found that the evidence was misinterpreted, and they concluded that none of the evidence used against Willingham was valid.

As it turns out, the fire really was accidental. Not Just only Willingham there are hundreds of Innocent men and women doing a life sentence. The questions are many! The answers conjectures. Some crimes are horrific and some regrettable and regretted by the guilty. How do we judge and what criteria do we use? Can we in fact be 100% sure of their guilt? Was the crime justifiable or what were the circumstance leading to the crime? Was the person in their right mind (and are they ever when they murder – debatable) Is it an act that that person would repeat?

What will their being put to death accomplish and what Is the reason that we want to eave a death penalty? ; Is It as a punishment or a detergent or to avoid that person from recommitting in the future? Can they be rehabilitated or be forever a risk and a drain upon society? I have here some information I gathered from BSM. Gob. PH. This website is officially owned and managed by the Bureau of Jail Management and Penology. According to their data, as of May 2012, we have 69735 Inmates nationwide. The population of our prisons in the Philippines is just 937.

Also, according to their data, the prisons’ capacity is only 21 929. Imagine, ladies and gentlemen, that our Jailing system is operating in 318% of its capacity. It is operating 218% over its capacity. To put it simply, imagine a cell which is built for 10 people having 31 . Imagine a prison which can only accommodate 1000 people having 3180. Therefore, the life the Inmates are living In these places Is crowded, congested, populated, polluted, Irritable, DEATH PENALTY? Why do we still need it when the condition of the inmates is serving them right already?

I mean: the victims and the family of the victims have suffered leafless nights, emotional anguish and mental trauma because of what these criminals have done. And after that, we’ll Just put them to death? I don’t think so. Putting them to death would mean that we are going to end their sufferings. This goes against the rationale of arresting them and putting them to prison for them to realize the wrong of they have done. Emotionally, it would be satisfying for the victims and the family of the victims to realize that the convicted is already reaping what he has sown.

Let them suffer the fruits of their deeds so that the victims and he family of the victims may feel that there is Justice The Death Penalty is a complex issue that many have strong feelings about. And it is actually quite understandable to want the death penalty for some like that of a child murderer with absolutely no question of his/her innocence but how about the mercy killing of a child or parent who is in pain, suffering and will never get better and doomed to live in suffering and misery but cannot end their own life? T or how about the case of a person killing another after years of abuse?

Where do we draw the line? There is nothing more final than death and as such we should insure that in our desire for righteousness does not lead us to commit the very crime we wish to punish – murder the PA billion worth of methamphetamine hydrochloride (shabby) and drug ingredients that were seized in Pangaea.

fiction essay 2

Both Paul and Rainstorm have a heart of passion and perseverance to succeed. Although Paul an impressionable young boy and Rainstorm an experienced young man; the two characters share an innate ability to persevere what could be perceived as curse rather than gift. Paul and Rainstorm endure through trying situations with outcomes on very diverse spectrums of the range of life. I. Characteristics: Paul-young boy, eager to please, needs mothers love, black haired, blue fiery eyes, unmovable In his path Rainstorm- World War I veteran, avid hunter, reasonable, eighties full of vigor, experienced In life.

II. Irony: Rainstorm becomes the hunted while on a trip to a hunt -Dangerous Game Paul trying The rocking horse still in a corner Paul riding wildly -Rocking-Horse The blood-warm waters of the Caribbean Sea-Dangerous game ‘V. Symbolic Nature: Jaguars feeling fear-Dangerous game The house whispering “There must be more money’-Rocking-Horse V. Summary: Paul succeeds in his search for money but loses his life Rainstorm succeeds in winning the hunt but has to commit murder. In D. H. Lawrence “The Rocking-Horse Winner” and Richard Counsel’s “The Most

Dangerous Game”, the reader is given insight into the lives of two males: Ganger Rainstorm in Most Dangerous Game, Paul, in Rocking-Horse. Equally Lawrence and Connell are wickedly clever in their details, characteristics, irony, imagery and symbolic nature, as to enable the reader to feel the protagonist’s emotional turmoil as it unravels. Both Paul and Rainstorm have a heart of passion and perseverance to young man; the two characters share an innate ability to persevere that could be situations with outcomes on very diverse spectrums of the range of life. In “The Rocking-Horse Winner,” D.

H. Lawrence depicts a young boy Paul who is eager to please his mother’s insatiable appetite for materialistic things; in doing so it endangers his well-being both mentally and physically. Paul also hungers for his mother’s affection. When Paul confronts his mother about being poor she responds by an accusatory remark, “It’s because your father has no luck” (Lawrence 366; chi. 10). The boy understands very well after a few moments of conversation that luck to his mother, means money. Paul tells his mother, “I’m a lucky person”, which she took flippantly (Lawrence 367; Chi. 0). Offended by her seemingly blatant disbelief, Paul tarts to demonstrate an unmovable path to win his mother’s love and prove he could satisfy the whispering in the house, “There must be more money’ (Lawrence 366; Chi. 5). In comparison to the character of Paul in Lawrence story let’s transition to Ganger Rainstorm in Richard Connelly, “The Most Dangerous Game”, the similarities of Paul-Rocking-Horse, and Rainstorm-Dangerous Game, are quite amazing. Rainstorm an avid hunter and WI veteran has an uncanny passion for hunting and is an extremely unwavering, righteous man.

Connell depicts Rainstorm as an experienced caring man with an uncanny eye. By painting Rainstorm as a WI survivor Connell shows the reader a compassionate, indomitable hero with great regard and respect for life. The reader catches a glimpse of this unwavering determination in the beginning of the story. While in route too hunting expedition for Jaguars, Rainstorm heard gun shots from Ship-Trap Island, while investigating from the railing he was unexpectedly thrown from the Yacht in the middle of the night.

Rainstorm keeping his calm purpose sheds his clothing and counts each stroke as to retain enough energy to stay afloat; only later to find that his determination for survival in the load- warm waters of the Caribbean Sea would not cease upon his arrival upon the island (Connell 2). In identifying the irony, imagery and symbolic nature used by Connell in “The Most Dangerous Game”, the reader must first consume the purpose the fear of being hunted; “…. We should have some good hunting up the Amazon.

Great sport, hunting” said Whitney (Connell 1). “The best sport in the world,” agreed Rainstorm. “For the hunter,” amended Whitney. “Not for the Jaguar” (Connell 1). The conversations continue but with no prevail. Rainstorm does not believe that Jaguars eve understanding of anything, but according to Connell Jaguars understand one thing and that one thing is-fear…. “The fear of pain and the fear of death. ” (1). Rainstorm of course believes that there are only two classes of people in the world-“the hunters and the hunters” (Connell).

Rainstorm believes himself to be lucky, for he is the hunter. (Connell). When Rainstorm finds himself on Ship-Trap Island being hunted by General Croft, antagonist, it is he who fears and has become the hunted. Now turning to the irony, imagery and symbolic nature portrayed in “The Rocking-Horse Winner” by D. H. Lawrence, image of the rocking-horse “… Rather shabby stood in an arrested stance…. ‘ in the corner of the room, reveals a realistic view of waiting in time to get there (373; Chi. 205).

The irony of Paul riding his stationary toy rocking-horse wildly and fiercely in pursuit of what he believes to be luck and as the story unfolds Lawrence delivers dramatic and traumatic circumstances from Paul learning the derby winner’s name, “Malabar”, as he feverishly rides his rocking-horse only to find himself plunging unconsciously to the floor. At that very moment the ultimate irony and symbolism is delivered by Connell, to only does Paul achieve the ability to be “lucky’ with his horse, thus gaining the belief, affection and loving concern that was so desired.

Paul had ridden through perseverance and sheer determination to what some may believe the ultimate form of UN-lucky, his own death. The two authors, Collins and Lawrence seem to have a realistic understanding of determination and perseverance through the diction of their stories, do both authors portray it in a realistic approach, no. Collins does an inexplicably brilliant Job of unraveling the perseverance of survival in somewhat elastic terms in “The Most Dangerous Game”, by revealing Raindrop’s ability to overcome the transition from hunter of exotic animals, to Rainstorm himself becoming the hunted. This world is made up of two classes, the hunter and the hunted” (Collins peg. 1). Rainstorm had to kill or be killed by General Zachary, putting Raindrop’s love for human life aside, his perseverance conquered ending in Carhop’s death. Lawrence delivers quite the unbelievable side of perseverance in “The Rocking-Horse Winner”, the young boy Paul who rides a rocking-horse “to get there” o feverishly that he ends with the most unlucky demise, death.

love is not bliss romeo juliet othello a thesis

One of the reasons that the works of Shakespeare are so renowned is simply for the fact that he can beautifully create moments of happiness, sadness, glory, agony, misery, love, betrayal – and anything else which may fall In between (Krause 09). There are numerous situations in real life In which one person may fall deeply In love with another, but it will eventually turn out that it was never to occur in the first place. When it comes to Shakespeare, love is never meant to blossom in the plays Romeo and Juliet, and Othello.

In the very first act of Romeo and Juliet, for example, we learn that there is a feud teen the Montague and the Capsules. Two households, both alike in dignity (In fair Verona, where we lay our scene) From Ancient grudge break into new mutiny (Act I Sc l). Romeo and Juliet fall instantly in love with each other. But, because of their families hatred, their happiness and youth are wasted. Juliet receives a marriage proposal from Paris, and agrees that she will consider marrying him If she Likes him. After falling In love with Romeo however – at first sight, she learns as he leaves that he is a Montague.

She is struck with as much horror as e is after he finds out that she is a Caplet. It is just a little while later that Juliet delivers her famous speech: “O Romeo, Romeo! Wherefore art thou Romeo? … O, be some other name! What’s in a name? That which we call a rose by any other name would smell as sweet. ” (Act II Sc II). Passion it is of course, but that contaminated term has in our day become helpless to express it. Purity would be the perfect word for it if the world had not forgotten that purity is simply Greek for fire (Krause 17). Juliet later discovers that her father has arranged for her to marry Paris In three says.

She refuses to do so, and her father Is furious over the fact that his daughter Is so proud and ungrateful. She then turns to her mother – but her mother refuses to listen to what she has to say. In desperation, she turns to the nurse for advice, and even the Nurse believes that Juliet should marry Paris, because Romeo was banished from Verona and is not likely to return. Juliet realized that everyone is against her, so she turned to Friar Laurence for help. The Friar knows of a sleeping potion that Juliet would be able to use that would fool her family to believe that Juliet is dead.

Juliet decided to use that potion on the very night that she is to wed Paris. When the family finds Juliet “dead’, the Friar says that they must arrange for a burial and carry Gullets body to the church. After Romeo (then In Mantra) learns that Juliet Is dead, he buys some poison and Intends to kill himself In the vault where Juliet lies. Paris Is In the vault when Romeo arrives, and he assumes that Romeo is there for evil purposes. The two men then Juliet in her tomb, and swallows the poison after giving her a last kiss. He instantly dies, and Juliet wakes up shortly thereafter.

After she realizes that Romeo is dead, she takes his dagger and stabs herself with it. It is then that the families reconcile – when it is too late. Statues were to be made in honor of the lovers. Cynics are fond of saying that if Romeo and Juliet had lived, their love would not have lasted (Krause 24). There is also numerous instances in Othello in which it is evident that love was never meant to blossom between Othello, and his wife Desman. Abortion is the father of Desman. He regrets the fact that he allowed Desman to marry Othello, who Just happens to be a Moor.

He realized that he would have rather let a unsustainable man named Ordering take Deacons hand in marriage. Othello is accused of using witchcraft on his wife, and it is said that he is probably abusing her as well. However, when Desman is questioned, she admits that she has fallen in love with Othello and married him on her own will. Abortion is furious when he hears his daughters confessions, and he practically disowns her. He then turns to Othello, and says “Look to her, Moor, if thou hast eyes to see. She has deceived her father, and may thee” (Act I Sc Ill). Then there is the notorious villain, Ago.

He came up with a plan to make it seem like Desman was cheating on Othello with his friend, Michael Cassia. Ago feels hatred towards Othello because he passed him over, and promoted Cassia for a position. Ago also had suspicions that Othello may have been having an affair with Emilie (Lagos wife), and for that he wants get revenge on Othello. Shakespeare gives Ago an outward appearance of honest virtue and has Othello consistently call him “Honest Ago. ” (Krause 56). Ago has the tendency to be very convincing and manipulative. He manages to make none off of Ordering by offering foolish advice followed by a great deal of logic.

After much talk, Ordering is even convinced to sell off his land, so he can have a lot of money in his hands to get the attention of Desman. It is safe to say that Ago is very much like the devil himself (Krause 62). This is evident in his soliloquy at the very end of Act l. He reveals to the audience that he wishes to abuse Othello ear, and blacken Cassias name as well. Ago also tends to compare people to animals, such as when he says, “The Moor is of a free and open nature that thinks men honest hat but seem to be so, and will as tenderly be led by the nose as asses are. (Act I Sc Ago does indeed poison Othello ears by convincing him to view the friendship between Desman and Cassia under a negative perspective. At a party, he gets Cassia to drink an excessive amount of liquor, which makes him drunk. At one point as Cassia gets in a fight with another person, Othello walks in, and Ago makes him take Cassias position away from him. Ago then goes over to Cassia and acts as if he is a friend to him. He tells Cassia to request Desman to convince Othello to give Cassia his position back. Desman agrees to do so, but all in a very innocent manner.

Since Ago has plagued Othello mind with false thoughts, Othello gets furious overtime that sleeping, and begins to snap at Desman over the slightest things. Eventually, Othello smothers Desman, and kills her. Emilie discovers what has happened, and cries out till Ago arrives. She then reveals the fact that Ago is a villain, and Ago kills her. Othello realizes that he has made a mistake, and kills himself, and Ago gets executed. The love stories in Romeo and Juliet, and Othello start off very nicely, but unfortunately end with tragic deaths.

emotional intelligence 10 essay

Study also investigates the moderating role of emotional intelligence on the relationship among decision making styles and organizational performance. Data is collected on random sampling basis from 187 banking sector employees. If endings of the study determine that employee’s different decision making styles influence organizational performance differently. Major findings include that rational and dependent decision making styles have high positive impact on organizational performance while avoiding decision making styles has negative impact on organizational performance.

Study further determines that emotional intelligence moderates the relationship among decision making styles and organizational performance. Key words: Decision making Decision making styles INTRODUCTION Organization’s performance is measured considerably based on their financial achievements and growth. None of any organization wants to have losses and low future growth. Thus managers in the organizations have urge to craft performance in the line of business operations.

This performance achievement approach makes the benchmark for the top management to recognize their manager’s efforts and intellectual abilities in making productive business. In order to get sustainTABLE organizational performance, managers have to make decisions in framing their organization’s path towards the achievement of organizational goals. Managers needed substantial information to make sound business decisions thus; managers must have substantial information before making decisions.

As the decisions based on small information are not effective and this poor business decision making are reflected in the organizational performance. However, manager’s decisions affect the organization daily [1, 2]. Castle and Even (1983) [3] argue that decision makers have significant influence on a firm’s performance. Holt and Jones (2002) [4] found that Organizational performance Emotional intelligence emotional intelligence has an impact on organizational performance.

Consequently, the focus Of this paper is to evaluate the employee different decision making styles and the impact of these decision styles on organizational performance. Study also investigates the moderating role of emotional intelligence on the relationship among Literature Review: There is an emerging body of knowledge devoted to define the individual decision making styles. The innovation of individual decision making styles and group decision rules have a significant inferences for organizations [5]. Researchers have explored a wide range of individual decision making styles [5].

Such as, Scott and Bruce (1995) [6] define decision making styles as “the learned habitual response pattern exhibited by an individual when confronted with a decision situation. ” Based on this definition, Scott and Bruce (1995) [6] categorize individual decision making style in to five major categories which deals in turns with rational, intuitive, dependent, avoiding and spontaneous decision making styles. Authors defined decision making styles as. Corresponding Author: Ran Rashes Raman, Quad-I-Exam School of Management Sciences (SCAMS), Quad-I-Exam University, Islamabad, Pakistan. Reel: +923334899913. 1 308 World Apply. Sic. J. , 17 (1 0): 1308-1315, 2012 Rational decision making style is characterized by thorough search for logical evaluation of alternatives (B) Intuitive decision making styles is characterized by reliance upon hunches and feelings (c) dependent decision making styles is characterized by search for advice and direction from others (d) avoiding decision making style is characterize by attempts to avoid decision making and (e) spontaneous decisions making styles is characterized by taking sudden and impulsive decisions.

However, an individual decision making practices can also be determined in terms of decision rules that generate alternatives for individual decisions [7]. Researchers found that individual try to apply specific rules while making decisions under any circumstances Beauty (1986) [8] define these decisions rules as an alternative that provide maximum payoff based on all future conditions. Author further explained that an individual examine each alternative and select the option providing highest payoff.

By considering these decision rules, Beam and Walleye (2003) [9] found that fast strategic decision making have an impact on organizational reference in terms of corporate reputation, financial performance, employee commitment and growth of organization. March and Sutton (1997) [10] enlighten firms’ performance as the evaluation in terms Of profits, productivity, debt ratios, market share, sales and stock prices. Bloat and Waylay (2009) CLC 1] defined organizational performance on the basis of seven performance categories.

These performance categories include profitability, organizational effectiveness, continuous improvement, productivity, quality, quality of work life and social responsibility. Antonym and Patriarchy (2010) [1 2] explained organizational performance in a road sense and define it as the excellent measure of association of all performance variTABLEs which influence the organization’s functioning. There is wide range of literature availTABLE on the discussion that whether to measure firm performance subjectively or objectively.

The core reason behind this phenomenon is that objective measures are used to be more real but are often restricted in scope to financial data. Subjective measures on the other hand lack concreteness, but equip the researcher with a richer description of the efficiency of an organization as compared to competitors [13, 14]. We used subjective measure in this study for organizational performance because objective measures are more fine-grained than quantitative measures [15]. Many researchers explored the link between decision making and organizational performance.

Mason (1996) [1 6] founds that top management teams make decisions which influence the organizational performance. Allen, Mason, David & Cheerier (1994) [1 7] founds that strategic decision making influence organizational performance. Irene, Abdul and Rehashed (1997) [1 8] further found that rational decision making have a positive association with organizational performance. Raman (201 1) [19] propose a theoretical model and argue that session making styles have an impact on organizational performance.

Hypothesis 1: There Is an Impact of Decision Making Styles on Organizational Performance: Abraham (2000) [20] founds that an emotionally intelligent individuals have high organization commitment, high success rate [21] and use positive emotions to enhance their decision making capability. George (as cited in Gardner and Stouts, 2001 ) [22] argues that emotional intelligence enhances individual ability to get solutions for the problems and to tackle issues and opportunities facing by them and by their organizations as well.

Individual within his context, are TABLE to enhance decision making capability through their knowledge and management of emotions and the leaders who are TABLE to correctly recognize emotions are more TABLE to decide whether the emotion is attached to opportunities or problems and therefore use those emotions in the procedure of decision making. The definition of emotions and its measurement changes with the passage of time. Salvoes and Meyer (1990) [23] define emotions as an organized response which crosses the many psychological subsystems such as psychological, experimental, cognitive and motivational us beseems.

At earlier stages, intelligence researcher measures emotions with respect to various subsystems such as occasionally emotions and social emotions (Gardner, 1983) [24] and consider emotional intelligence as a part of social intelligence (Salvoes & Meyer, 1990) [23]. Saliva and Meyer (1990) [23] are the first who uses term “emotional intelligence” and define it as the “ability to monitor one’s own and other’s feelings and emotions to discriminate among them and to use this information to guide one’s thinking and actions”.

Author further elaborate the concept of emotional intelligence by explaining it through three dimensions of adaptive abilities; appraisal and expressing the emotions, utilizing and regulating the emotions in solving problems. Later on, Coleman (1995) [25] expanded the construct of emotional intelligence by adding specific social and communication skills which influence by understanding and expression of emotions. Salvoes and Mayer (1997) [26] give the revised 1309 World Apply. Chi. J. , 17 (1 0): 1308-1315, 2012 Fig. 1: Theoretical F-ramekin model of emotional intelligence by focusing more on the cognitive components of emotional intelligence. The revised model composed of four categories of emotional intelligence: perception appraisal and expression Of emotions; employing and analyzing emotional information; emotional facilitation of thoughts and regulation of emotions for further emotional growth.

Later on many researcher defines and measures emotional intelligence according to the scope of their studies such as GENES El Inventory which is specifically designed for workplace emotional intelligence, Bar-on emotional quotient inventory which deeply measures the emotional intelligence construct (Bar-On, 1996) [27] and Burnet (1996) [28] developed the Perception of Affect scale based on the basis that being TABLE to focus rapidly, properly and effortlessly to feelings is the keystone of emotional intelligence..

Researchers founds that emotional intelligence also have impact on organizational performance. Holt and Jones (2002) [4] concluded that performance. Trust, Salsa, & Mount (2006) [29] studied the various ways through which emotional intelligence affects organizational performance. Authors concluded that emotional intelligence have an impact on performance, helps in developing international business capabilities and affects many business outcomes.

Amelia, Caesar, Gerald, Anthony and Ronald (2003) [30] founds that emotional intelligence training is an evolutionary means of organizational performance. Jordan & Troth (2002) [31] founds that emotional intelligence influence the employee preferred style of conflict resolution which contributes towards the understanding of organizational performance and its determinants.

Hypothesis 2: Emotional Intelligence Moderates the Relationship Between Decision Making Styles and Organizational Performance: Based on the above literature, following framework as depicted in Figure 1 is designed for the present study in which decision making styles serve as independent variTABLE, organizational performance as dependent variTABLE while emotional intelligence serve as moderating variTABLE among decision making styles and organizational performance.

Methodology Sample: Population for the study consists of 151 branches of all public and private limited banks located in Granular city of Pakistan. Random sampling is used to collect data from banking sector employees. Data is collected by using questionnaire method. Respondents consist of 16% top level managers, 59% middle level managers and 25% of low level mangers. In addition to this, participants include 83% of males and 17% females. Measure and Procedure: Decision making styles of the employees were accessed using decision making styles questionnaire developed by Bass and Viola (2000) [32].

The original decision making style questionnaire 1310 World Apply. Sic. J. , 17 (10): 1308-1315, 2012 composed of 25- items measuring rational, dependent, intuitive, avoiding and spontaneous decision making styles. Organizational performance was accessed using 7-items scale which measure organizational performance in terms of financial performance and growth of organization. GENES emotional intelligence inventory is used to measure emotional intelligence which is specifically designed for accessing workplace emotional intelligence.

Emotional intelligence scale consist of 1 5-items which measures the three dimension of emotional intelligence; emotional awareness of self, emotional awareness of others and emotional reasoning. All the responses are obtained on five point liker scale ranges from strongly disagree to strongly agree. A total of 300 mail or self administered questionnaires are distributed from which only 187 were received back with the response rate of 62% from the given sample. Statistical Analysis: To examine goodness of measure, responses to items were subjected to factor analysis using principal component method.

Factor loading is analyzed using Bavaria rotated component matrix.

criminal justice thesis statement

The laws conflict with reason; holding to Locker’s purpose to protect property when protecting people is by far more noble (Peak, 2007, 14)Agreeing with the conflict theorist, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, who challenged Hobbes and Locke, debating that “Man is born free, but everywhere he is in chains”( Peak, 2007, 15). This truism is even more pronounced in the Land of the Free, or used to be. Unequal distribution of resources may very well be the cause of the conflict as Rousseau described.

It is obvious that the poor are locked away, like the rioters in Haiti, trying to survive, while the Fortune 500 ay do their part, the chasm is too deep to make a difference. The name so apropos, Locker’s theory would lock them up and/or use force to “guarantee compliance” (id. ). That in itself causes conflict; locking the debtor up will ensure the debt will not be paid. Basically the consensus viewpoint, holds “that all parts of the system work toward a common goal. Conversely, the conflict theory, holds” that agency agendas” create self-serving motives promulgated by outside self-interest groups, like MAD, or the public at large, like groups creating the Neighborhood Watch (id. ). Just as justice is depicted by the balanced scales, department administrators can not let their department policies swing far from center toward consensus or conflict arc of the pendulum. Maintaining balance or a center point promotes independence for the department and the people because it prevents an atmosphere prone to creating a totalitarian state.

The consensus v. Conflict model plays into the individual’s roles when considering the chain of command. There can be only one leader; to have any other plan would present a grandiloquence’s. Consensus must be complete within the department to comply with the superior officer, as conflict with a ship captain would be mutiny. Police have a bond to know their place in the chain; it gives them the boundaries to properly make quick decisions in any crisis, otherwise a conflict could cause uncertainty and inaction (Peak, 2007, 28).

Even, local officials such as”mayors, city managers and administrators, members of the agency, labor organizations, citizens, special-interest groups, and the media all have differing role expectations of the chief of police that often conflict” (Peak, 2007, 91 Citizens tend to expect police services… Preventing corruption and illegal use of force. Special-interest groups expect the chief to advocate policy positions that they favor. For example, Mothers Against Drunk Driving (MAD) pushing DUD arrests by the police (Peak, 2007, 92).

Conflicts have caused some to quit and Peak has listed three types as (1) confrontation, briefly intense but clearly defined as in a racial profiling scandal; (2) shaky alliance, “intense and pervasive” causing ripple effect such as chief being ousted by non renewal from Rodney King’s scandal created erasures from public and peers; and (3) a politicized organization, common in policing and somewhat tolerated but pervasive and muted stemming for example from riots or a failed investigation like O. Simpson or Content Ramsey which caused the police chief in Boulder CO to step down (Peak, 2007, 94-95). The Consensus vs.. Conflict debate is important in the CSS, policing, courts, and corrections, and the rivalry within social groups and rulers (Peak, 2007, 167). The justice system having many conflicts in each system, together makes the overall conflict even larger. Although the ultimate goal, justice, may be the same for the system as a whole, the individual goals conflict the efforts of the other.

There seems to be more conflict than consensus in the CSS especially when the personal agenda becomes apparent for self-serving actions, like prosecuting a case on less than ethical standards to insure promotion as a judge; or hiding or producing police evidence to advance a conviction to be promoted to FED_E; or issuing POP for minor, insignificant infraction by a probation officer, to bolster his own record or perhaps to support a mutual fund heavily funded by CAW, CORN, or GEE.

essay example fahrenheit 35

During when the various times the “light vs. dark” archetypes are utilized and when the archetypical death and rebirth occurs to convey the extent of which the novel is strengthened by archetypes. In Bradbury Fahrenheit 451 the light vs. dark archetype helps show to what extent archetypes are used to strengthen the novel when Montage is conversing with Claries after Mildred began reading her script.

The author states “He felt his body divide itself into a hotness and a coldness, a softness and a hardness, a trembling and a not trembling, the two halves grinding one upon another. “{Bradbury 21 y. In this passage Bradbury is showing that inside Montage the light and dark are warring against each other. As light vs. dark are opposites the author uses opposites to show the relationship between the two, for example the comparison between cold and hot, the cold represents the dark as darkness is inherently cold as light provides heat. The two parts ringing against each other show to the light and dark at war, as they at odds at one other.

Since they cannot coexist the light and dark in this situation refer to the Montage, in that they are his struggle to free himself from the ignorance that is his societal beliefs. The author also states when Claries and Montage walk to her house, “When they reached her house all its lights were blazing” (Bradbury 7}. As this may come across as insignificant, in actuality it shows that as Montage only known the other houses to be darker: Clavicle’s house signified a family that were not blind to the ignorance of the society while all the other houses and families are in the dark, figuratively and literally.

Using the “light vs. dark” archetype Bradbury is TABLE to enhance his work; the archetypes convey meaning to the story and add more to the story for the reader to comprehend. Furthermore, Bradbury novel utilizes an archetype, death and rebirth, to strengthen the story within Fahrenheit 451 , this situation occurs after the bombs drop and at the end of part one. The author writes mere now,’ said Montage ‘We’ll start over again at the beginning. ‘” {Bradbury 65}. During this oration the story Montage is explaining the meanings of books to Mildred of who does not see their significance.

When Montage says let’s start over , it is not meant mean lets reread the passage but as lets reinvent ourselves and become more self-aware. As opposed to the rest of society, who is ignorant to the fact that books are not something that should be outlawed but something that should be treasured. Books can carry many meaning and here we see Montage trying to tear down, death, Milliard’s Old way Of thinking and rebuild, rebirth, her with a new and more cognitive way of thinking.

Also the text states “But every time he burnt himself up he sprang out of the ashes, he got himself burnt all over again. “{Bradbury 156}. Here, after the bombs drop, Montage and the hobos are talking and saying that humans are like a phoenix; they will persevere and come back from hardships, but without the knowledge of the past they are bound to do the same things over again. Montage and the men are saying that if the knowledge in the books is not passed along the world is bound to repeat itself, so they are going to try to bring back the books in hope that tragedy doesn’t happen again.

death penalty 42 2

Throughout history, societies have punished criminals by executing them, but today many countries have abolished the death penalty. In the united States however, the federal government and many of the states continue to sentence convicted criminals to death. This leads us to the question: Should the government have the power to sentence convicted criminals to death? Before we approach this question lets take a look at the history of the death penalty and other factors that could affect the answer to this question.

Although the first case of capital punishment is not documented, we know that it was rough to North America by European colonist In the 18th century. In Europe, murderers, thieves, spies, alleged witches, and over 100 other so-called “crimes” were punished by death. Although hanging was the most common form of execution, other methods such as stoning, beheading, burning at the stake or being broken on a wheel were used. Hangings usually took place at high noon on a main street or in a town square to be viewed by the public. They were excitedly watched as If It were a new episode of the sopranos.

In fact public executions often turned into outdoor activates in which the city advertised the execution through posters, handbills, and notices in newspapers. In the sass’s after being convicted and sentenced to death, unlike today, you would be executed usually within less than a week. Executions moved through from hanging and other methods to electrocution. When in 1889, New York passed the electrical Execution Act, which declared death by the electric chair as the state’s new method of execution. As with many other ways of executing people, this way is both cruel and unusual punishment.

Although there are any instances were cruel and unusual punishment were used, I am going to give you one example and let you Judge for yourself. In August of 1 890 the first man to be sentenced to the electric chair was William Skimmer. This execution did not go smoothly, as the current was not set strong enough, and had to be stopped and started several times. After approximately 10 minutes of this torture he died. As more humane ways of executing criminals came about such as the gas chamber, firing squad and lethal injection came about, there was a short period of time, from 1972 to 977 where there were no executions.

Capital punishment was outlawed as result of the Farman vs.. Georgia case. This victory was short-lived as the court’s decision in Gregg vs.. Georgia upheld the death penalty, which has been legal ever since. It is up to each state to determine whether to impose the death penalty and in what ways to execute criminals. Slide #3 In the 38 states and federal government that currently have death penalty’s statutes, five different methods of execution are prescribed: Slide #4 Lethal Injection, Electrocution, Lethal gas, Firing Squad, and Hanging.

Now that we know more about the death penalty, should the government have the 1 OFF should have the power to take another person’s life and here’s some of the many reason’s why. As mentioned before many executions are botched, making these inhumane executions even more crude. Slide #6 One of the most famous botched executions occurred in 1906 in Minnesota. A convicted murderer had been sentenced to death for murder. At 12:31, the hanging began in which the trap door swung free, dropping Williams with a rope tied around his neck. But my mistake, the rope had been cut to Eng and Williams hit the ground.

The guards standing on the scaffold pulled Williams up and held him above the ground for 14 minutes before he died, Some way to go! Even as technology evolved, such as with the electric chair, botched executions did not stop as with the example mentioned previously. Another botched execution took place much more recently in 1990, where in Florida witnesses watching an electrocution saw flames and sparks erupt from the prisoner’s head. The same thing also occurred in 1997, only 7 years ago. Problems persist even with methods such as Ethel injection, as there are non-medical personnel who perform the procedure.

As you have heard me make reference to numerous times is the 18th amendment, which states: Slide #7 “excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishment inflicted. Although new technology has made executions less cruel and unusual, the fact is that they still are. One reason is that the United States is one of the few industrialized countries that still allow it, which in essence make’s it “unusual. ” But then again execution itself is unusual, for the usual punishment would be a Jail term.

Another reason the death penalty should be abolished deals with issues of Justice and fairness. Slide #8 The fact is that a very small percentage of convicted murderers are ever put to death. This makes the death penalty seem more like a game of chance then Justice. The actually chance of being sentenced to death for a murder conviction is about 1 in 33. The fact is there is simply no way too fairly apply the death penalty. Juries comprised of everyday people like you and me are for there first times in their lives forced to decide whether another person should live or die.

Many people argue the death penalty deters criminals from murdering, which may have been true in earlier days when executions where public and humiliating. Slide #9 In today’s age, people are executed via the penalty, often times unnoticed. And if by chance it is noticed, its is forgotten very quickly. Statistics also show that state’s with the death penalty, such as Illinois did in 1990, showed a far higher rate of murder then it’s two neighboring states, Wisconsin and Iowa who do no impose the death penalty. Also many murders are not premeditated, which means they were not leaned and occurred impulsively out of hatred, greed or Jealousy.

In this large majority of the cases, the death penalty is the last thing on the criminals mind. Another injustice with the death penalty is bias against the poor. Slide #10 The truth expense of appealing a death sentence can be very high sometimes in the millions. For the criminals that cannot afford lawyers of their own, they must use state appointed lawyers who are inexperienced and overworked, leaving little time and effort to defend their clients. People who are wealthy can afford good lawyers who an research and investigate the crime more in depth to help win the case.

This happens more often than we would like to know, as we often times see movie stars and other rich people getting off the hook, for example let’s say OX.. Simpson. Of the many reason’s why the death penalty should be abolished, the last one I will discuss is the most important, executing the innocent. Slide As the quote goes “to err is human,” state’s the known truth that we wall make mistakes, even our government and courts. If an innocent man is Jailed, although not Justified, his conviction can be reversed and he can be released from Jail.

If a man is executed and new evidence comes about, or a new witness appears, it’s too late, the man is already dead. This is not being said Just as a scare tactic, because people have been executed in which were afterwards found innocent. If you could only try to imagine paying the ultimate price of your life for a crime you did not commit. Since 1973, over 100 people have been released from death row with evidence of their innocence. Lucky for them the appeal process worked, some are not so lucky. The death penalty might be more Just if there were no alternatives to the death anally, but fortunately there are.

Slide #12 Instead of execution, dangerous criminals should suffer life imprisonment without parole. In some ways, this sentence can be even harsher than death, as we all know that emotional pain is often times worst then physical pain. I believe the death penalty gives criminals the easy way out, as many criminals try to kill themselves in Jail. Living inside a crowded prison in a small cell is a slow death in itself. Restitution is an additional sentence to life in prison, in which the prisoners must turn over to the families all their money they sake and earn.

With this criminals should be forced to work, with the money they make going to the families. Slide #13 In conclusion, the death penalty, or should I say murder by government must be abolished. In the 21st century, with all out inventions and technology, there must be a punishment more fit than the primitive death penalty. I will leave you with this quote, which I actually saw on a sticker on a stop sign some ten ears ago, in which I have remembered ever since: Slide #14 Why do we kill people, Who kill people, To show that killing people, Is wrong

essay example the french revolution 6

During the French revolution the changes it brought out eventually solved the problem even though there were problems with the revolution itself. The instant effects of some of the revolutionary acts were negative but the overall outcome was generally positive. The French revolution put the French people a great position and provided a thorough example for other countries. One of the main causes of the French revolution was the heavy taxation on the third estate. The third estate was the poor, lower class citizens and they had to pay the highest amount of money to the king.

This angered them. The third estate was also cheated with voting issues. The 1st and 2nd estate teamed up together to ensure that they had the least amount of taxes and the most advantages for them including no taxes and rarely got in trouble by the law. The third estate was negatively affected by this as they turned to them for the expenses the king needed. Which leads to the second cause of the revolution, the king had absolute power and believed they earned their power to rule by god. No matter what the third estate did the king still placed heavy taxes on them.

The only option the third estate had was to rebel against the king and start a revolution. Some of the effects the revolution caused positive and negative outcomes. An example of a positive outcome was the change in government from an absolute monarchy and the nobles/ clergy lost their special privileges. The king was overthrown and was put to death which caused a brand new government. This new government fairly taxed the lower class and the whole estate system was taken out of the government. This overjoyed the French.

Although the taxation problem was axed many new problems broke out. A man named Robberies took over the government and introduced the guillotine, a humanitarian machine. This man killed anybody who opposed the revolution. People were scared to even walk outside because if somebody did something as ridiculous as told an official that you were against the revolution you could be beheaded. The aftermath of the revolution ended up fixing the problems that caused the revolution. The main cause of the revolution was the heavy taxation which was solved when the king was overthrown.

The members of the third estate solved the problem of taxation and were TABLE to be taxed fairly. The revolution also caused the outbreak of the industrial revolution which caused a surplus in goods and a surplus in jobs making the French revolution The French revolution had many causes as well as effects and the positive. Overall outcome was positive. The problems that solved it were solved and the revolution had very positive short and long term effects. The French people created a successful revolution.

technology and communication in criminal justice 4 essay

Iris scan is the scanning of the iris as a method to identify people based on unique patterns within the ring-shaped egging surrounding the pupil of the eye. Even though we use technology every day it can also have its drawbacks. Technological advancements will always come with positives and negatives. A positive is that technology makes life easier for everyone who works in the criminal justice field. A negative would be if a form of technology breaks down or there isn’t any electricity to keep it up and running. AVIS is one of the most important and commonly used databases availTABLE to officers.

This special database searches the fingerprints of over 74 million subjects in the National Criminal History Record File. AVIS is a system that compares fingerprints. It isn’t precise enough to make a final determination on a case but what it does do is cut out all of the people whose fingerprints don’t compare very closely to the initial fingerprint at hand. This is a huge asset to the criminal justice system because it’s probably close to impossible for an officer to sit and compare a million different fingerprints to one single one without the probability of overlooking the correct fingerprint.

As humans we are more open to errors where as databases are more reliTABLE with the information they give out. The IF system comes up with a short list of candidates and the officers can compare that short list instead of 74 million other fingerprints. Another very important and extremely reliTABLE database is the Iris scan which came around in about 1994. The name of the Iris scan pretty much describes itself. Iris scan is the scanning of the iris as a method to identify people based on unique patterns within the ring-shaped region surrounding the pupil of the eye.

The color of the iris is different from person to person. If looked upon closely you would be TABLE to see the complex patterns of the iris that make each person unique. The iris is like a snowflake, no two are alike. Since every iris is unique and different it is a perfect way to identify people and It is harder for people to commit identity fraud since it is an internal organ. A sophisticated high resolution camera is used to take one or more images of the eye. The images are then put into a matching engine where it searches a database for similar irises.

This database can search thorough millions of images per second, omitting physically impossible for a human being to do. Because Of this, the technology behind the iris scan is very important to the criminal justice system. The AVIS and Iris scan databases are similar in some ways but also very unique each in its own. These databases can do things in a matter of seconds or minutes that are physically impossible things for officers to do in any accepTABLE amount of time. Both of these types of technology make cases and work life easier for every officer using them.

The AVIS and Iris scan make information availTABLE to officers as well. They both have to do with peoples unique and distinct body parts so they are TABLE to separate one subject from the other like other databases can’t. They are different because AVIS deals with fingerprints while Iris scans deal with the iris in the eye. Also, a fingerprint can change slightly over time whereas an iris stays the same for the most part throughout someone’s life. Fingerprints are more commonly used though mostly because they are more cost effective. Fingerprinting is also faster and easier to do.

In my opinion, technology in the criminal justice lied has made communication so much better and easier. Even though technology makes things easier and faster it still has its drawbacks. One of the many positive effects of technology is that communication in the criminal justice field goes around much quicker. At their disposal are technological advancements like faxes, internet, and email. All three can help get information to other counties or stations a lot faster than if that technology wasn’t availTABLE. For example, if there is a man that is wanted and on the run an officer can fax over the information and a picture to another county.

The same officer can also send out a massive email to other stations and counties to keep the eye out for the suspect. An email or a fax can be done in a matter of seconds to just a few minutes. If it wasn’t availTABLE the officers would have to depend on phone calls or snail mail which just doesn’t do the job a fax or email with an attached picture would do. The internet is also at their disposal and it is completely stocked with information of great magnitudes. With any great things there are drawbacks. One of the main drawbacks of fax, email or internet is if there is no power.

If there is a shortage or a blackout these types of technologies are no longer availTABLE for use. They all depend completely on electricity and without it cannot function. There is also the problem of breaks or glitches. There are times when internet or email runs very slowly because of glitches. There could also be a problem with the cords that doesn’t let the internet be used. A fax machine or computer can also easy break or get damaged. They can give out at any given time and will need to be repaired. Sometimes it is easier to use technology but not always convenient.

As can be seen, technology is a part of our everyday life. Thanks to technology many useful databases are availTABLE to the criminal justice field. Two specific types of databases are AVIS and Iris scan. Technology is used every day but it can also have its many drawbacks. Technological advancements will always come with positives and negatives. A positive is that technology makes life easier for everyone who works in the criminal justice field. A negative would be if a form of technology breaks down or there isn’t any electricity to keep it up and running.