Article Summary on Marine Pollution
The article, entitled “Redistributing the Burden of Scientific Uncertainty: Implications of the Precautionary Principle for State and Nonstate Actors” by Maguire and Ellis (2005), is primarily concerned with the role of the precautionary principle in international environmental law and policy. The precautionary principle, also called precautionary approach, has emerged from a German environmental policy in multilateral environmental agreements and has become contentious issue on marine pollution, pollution prevention, climate change, ozone layer protection, fisheries conservation and management, preservation of biodiversity, World Trade Organization’s Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures, hormone-treated beef, and genetically modified organisms. It was necessary to examine the role and implications of the precautionary principle because it has unique qualities that allow state and nonstate actors to identify issues and build theory for better outcomes.
Therefore, a case study of the 2001 Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) was conducted to obtain information. The authors found that policy makers are faced with burden of scientific uncertainty in developing and improving principles that would lower the threshold of evidence of human health and environmental threats. They need to assess and implement policies, speeds up process, coordinate in multilateral processes, facilitate the roles of international, assume a greater responsibility for policymaking, and present a list of provisions in a narrower perspective for interpretation and discussion. Indeed, the precautionary principle is an appropriate response to overcome the risks and threats of dangerous chemicals and other causes that harm human health and the environment. The article calls for justification of the policy makers’ decisions and actions according to the nature of the problem as well as for appropriation of the level and distribution of risks and benefits of industrialization.
Maguire, S. & Ellis, J. (2005). Redistributing the Burden of Scientific Uncertainty: Implications of the Precautionary Principle for State and Nonstate Actors. Global Governance 11(4), 505+.
Why Work with Us
Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers
We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.
Professional and Experienced Academic Writers
We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.
Free Unlimited Revisions
If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.
Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee
All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.
Original & Confidential
We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.
24/7 Customer Support
Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.
Try it now!
How it works?
Follow these simple steps to get your paper done
Place your order
Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.
Proceed with the payment
Choose the payment system that suits you most.
Receive the final file
Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.
No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.
No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.
Admission Essays & Business Writing Help
An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.
Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.
If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.
Effortlessly get the essays and grades you need. You can now get any essay, on any subject and at ANY deadline with just 10 minutes of your time (or less). Your professor will love you for it!