Although both Sparta and Athens had their ups and downs, most citizens would feel more inclined to belong to the city of Athens. Athens, Greece is one Of the most celebrated city-states in all Of ancient Greece. It was the center for economics, and political and financial culture. It was the “symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world” (differ. Com). Athens was named after the goddess of all wisdom, knowledge, and war, Athena. The people of Athens were very smart and intelligent.
Their lives revolved around creating, learning, and enhancing tatty in the world around them. As opposed to the Athenians and their wisdom, the Spartan were not open to education. In fact, Anton Powell, author of the book Athens and Sparta said, “… It is often suggested that the Spartan were fools” (Powell, 97). They centered their lives on the military’ aspect Spartan lived in harsh conditions without luxuries, to make them stronger fighters. Once a young boy reached the age of seven or eight, he was removed from his family by the state, and placed into military training.
The training was often brutal and threatening, nice the trainers encouraged the boys to steal, fight, and kill. Sprat’s main goal was to train their young citizens to become hardened warriors so that they could potentially fight life-threatening enemies and slave revolts. The men in training received minimal portions of food, were expected to exercise barefoot to strengthen their feet, and were severely punished for disobedience and making mistakes. If one survived training by the time they reached the age of eighteen they were required, by law, to serve in the military.
Here, they were either required to serve or be ready to serve in the army until they were at least sixty years of age. Unlike Sparta, the boys in Athens were not required to join the army. As far as government went, the Spartan had a more stable form of government than any other city-state. They had a monarchy and two separate kings. One was in charge of leading the army into battle. The other was required to remain home to manage and rule the people of Sparta. Along with their monarchy and kings, they had the Council of Elders, a governing body. They were also referred to as the Gorgeous.
This council consisted of hairy men, two being the kings, and the remaining twenty eight men, whom were over sixty years of age, came from noble families, and had had their share of serving in the Spartan military. The Athenians enjoyed a democratic form of government. They formed the world’s first democracy and came after the revolution that overthrew the idea of one ruler. The direct translation of the Athens democracy was the ruling by the people. “5000 to 6000 men were narrowed down to a group of 500, who would then be divided into groups of 50.
Each would take charge for about a onto, and ten generals were automatically elected due to their experience” (differ. Com). The outlook on women was different in the Athenian society then the Spartan. The family ties were much stronger in Athens. The women were raised for domestic duty doing house chores such as cooking, cleaning, and raising children. Women were not allowed to choose whom they married, but rather had their marriage arranged by their father. The women of the Athenian society had a huge impact on their community. The Spartan female’s main purpose was to produce Spartan men.
They were squired to stay physically fit and healthy during the course of their years growing up. Healthy mothers usually resulted in healthy offspring. When a woman gave birth to a son, the babyish life was spared under one condition, if they were hardy and healthy. The Council of Elders were the ones to observe these infants. If for any reason the child seemed weak, or were born with a disability of any sort, they were left to die on a mountain top. However, if the baby was born healthy and strong it was considered an honor for the mother to give her children to the state.
However, in Athens, the mothers were allowed to raise their children and shape them into efficient contributors to their city-state. The Athens and Spartan “were two rival city-states, while the latter had very well trained military and soldiers, the former boasted of a good navy. Athens and its allies, known as the Delia League, came into conflict with the Spartan and the Peloponnesus league, and in 431 B. C. , a war broke out between the two cities-a war based on trade routes, rivalries, and tributes paid by smaller dependent states” (vow. differ. Com).
All of this inflict and up roaring led to what was known as the Peloponnesus War. The Peloponnesus War lasted about 28 years with on and off battling. The Spartan had a strong military advantage on land, but with the Athenians bold navy, they were able to easily defeat them at sea. Although both cities had their fair share of major victories and soul crushing defeats, the war ended in 404 B. C. With the Spartan claiming the final victory. Even though the people of Sparta defeated the Athenians in the end, the life of the Athens was more stable, more efficient, and most likely more enjoyable.