analyzing counseling theories

Part 1: Chart

  • Theory 1: Jungian Analytical Theory
  • Theory 2: Alderian Theory Background Theory
  1. Focuses on mind, body, soul (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  2. Carl Gustav Jung (founder) (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  3. Physician (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  4. Partners Jung and Freud (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  5. Alfred Adler (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  6. Understanding their surroundings (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  7. Social environment (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  8. Social interest (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  9. Psychological health (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  10. Individual psychology (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  11. Id; superego; ego (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  12. Human behavior (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  13. Social environment (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  14. General evaluative attitude (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  15. Holistic (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)

Human Nature

  1. Six psychosexual stages of early childhood (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  2. Erikson’s eight psychosocial stages of life span (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  3. Jung believed four stages of development: childhood, adolescence, middle-aged, old age (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  4. Human development (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  5. Exploring lifestyle (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  6. Birth order (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  7. Family constellation (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  8. Early recollections (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  9. Lifestyle or personality (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  10. Environment (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  11. Social (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  12. Subjective perspectives (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  13. Thoughts (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  14. Feelings (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  15. Actions (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  16. Social environment (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)

Major Constructs

  1. Personal unconscious (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  2. Personal conscious (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  3. Collective unconscious (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  4. Spirituality (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  5. Beliefs (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  6. Emotions (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  7. Thoughts (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  8. Feelings (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  9. Behaviors (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  10. Personal unconscious: These feeling include thoughts and memories (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  11. Collective unconscious: thoughts, emotions, fears, dreams, and mythical themes(Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  12. Normal and abnormal development (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  13. Disliked statistics (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  14. Case studies (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  15. Tools; control group; hypothesis testing (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  16. Social aspects (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  17. Environmentally (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  18. Lifestyle (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  19. Choice and responsibility(Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  20. Embeddedness (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  21. Private logic (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  22. Dominate (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  23. Dependent (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)


  1. Depends on the development stage (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  2. Goals: individuation and integration with the personal unconscious (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  3. Coming to terms with his or her own strengths and weaknesses (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  4. Dissociation; defense; unbearable psychic pain; emotional suffering (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  5. Being out of touch with reality (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  6. Client growth (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  7. Understanding the client (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  8. Clients behavior (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  9. Social interest (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  10. Building relationships (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  11. Method of treatment options (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)


  1. Objective and subjective instruments and techniques (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  2. Impact on development of subjective techniques (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  3. Association; projective tests such as Rorschach plot test; TAT test; MBTI (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  4. Client’s psychological attitudes; personality types; a primary way of understanding-self; interacting with the world (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  5. Challenges and limitations (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011) •Case study (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  6. Simplistic (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)
  7. Began in 1970 (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011)

Part 2: Reflection

  • I. Describe a specific population of clients with whom you hope to work in the future. (Note this point will remain the same on future papers if you want to keep it.) The population that I would like to work with is people that have struggled with being sexually abused as children and adolescents. I am interested in this group because I have seen many people that come to the emergency room because they have gotten raped and/or abused. I would like to help people that have gone through this and help them understand that this was not their fault and that the blame for the abuse does not lie with themselves. There are many different types of methods that I would use to help them such as individual therapy and also group therapy so they can voice their issues. I also think that these clients should be aware of what is good for them such as showing emotion toward what happened to them.
  • II. Explain which of the two theories in your chart would be the most effective in working with this client population and explain why. The Adlerian theory I feel is one of the best ones for this type of population, reason being is that Adler hits all of the development stages in life such as the early stages right up until the later stages in life. Adler’s theory also makes it accessible and making sure you understand the different roles in life (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011). I feel that this theory would be more effective in working with people that have been sexually abused because there are many different elements that are covered in Adler’s theory such as setting goals, making changes in their life for the better. In order to facilitate this, we as counselors need to show an empathic understanding of the client and encourage the development a more congruent match between their phenomenological perception and their actions, feelings, thoughts, and responses from others (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011). I feel that the Jungian theory would be less useful because he only focuses on specifics of a person such as a mind, body, and soul; however, there is more to a person that has been sexually abused in such a sense when it comes right down to it they need more focus on how to fix their life on they can move on (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011). Being that Adler and Jung were partners for a long period of time then they went their separate ways to have their own theories. The main focus of therapy using this theory would be cognition, perception, and motivation of the client also with a focus on the strength to grow and develop (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011). With this theory, its main focus is for here and now we have to let these clients speak what’s on their mind and hear what they have to say (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011). With this theory, the main focus is to focus on the total person which includes mind, body, and soul (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011). With this approach, Jung’s focus is the conscious and unconscious aspects of the client in being about to search their mean in life in a personal way and also using psyche (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011).
  • III. Describe the interventions you would suggest from this theory and how these interventions would assist this client population in reaching counseling goals. In many types of counseling, there are many different types of theories that can be used. The Adlerian theory provides a framework and is known to be a social theory that counselors and educators apply (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011). This framework provides understanding to the individual with his or her surroundings and provides guidance for improving both individual’s psychological state of mind and help connect with the guidance to the social environment (Capuzzi, Gross, 2011). The first step in order to have a client and counselor relationship is to trust and help the client understand their surroundings.


  1. Capuzzi, D., & Gross, D. R. (Ed.). (2011). Counseling and psychotherapy: Theories and interventions (5th ed.). Alexandria, VA: American Counseling Association.

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