analyzing adlers theory of personality

Analyzing Adler’s Theory of Personality

Introduction

            Although Sigmund Freud had revolutionized the study of Psychology through his theories of personality, throughout the twentieth century, more and more younger psychologists have begun to question and even contest these accepted theories.  One such psychologist was Alfred Adler.  This paper will present an analytical analysis on the overall purpose behind an individual’s personality as well as the concepts that all individuals’ personalities possess and the role of society in the development of the personality of an individual.  It will also explain how despite the similar concepts that each individual’s personality possess, the personality of two individuals can be unique from each other.

Goal of Personality

            The primary goal of an individual’s personality according to Adler is to achieve perfection and superiority.  This drive for the individual is innate and possessed by all individuals.  Adler considers this goal as the cornerstone of life itself since from the moment that an individual is born until his or her death; the quest of an individual to achieve superiority allows the individual to develop from one stage of development to the next.  This is manifested in a number of different ways, depending on the individual’s definition of what perfection is.  For Adler, the inability of the individual to achieve this would result in the individual’s developing psychological disorders such as inferiority complex or superiority complex. (Adler 2007; Hall, Lindzay & Campbell 1997).

Concepts of Adler’s Personality Theory

            Adler considered the consciousness to be the center of an individual’s personality.  For him, humans are conscious beings and are aware of the reasons for their behavior.  They are conscious of both their weaknesses and their aspirations.  Humans are also considered to be self-conscious individuals capable of planning and guiding their actions fully aware of not just their meaning but also allow individuals to develop a sense of self-realization.  It is because of this that an individual is able to determine the style of life he or she lives by (Hall, Lindzay & Campbell 1997).

            The style of life is generally formed in the individual’s personality during early childhood, around the ages of four or five years.  From this stage, experiences, attitudes and feelings are assimilated by the individual and become fixed in the individual’s personality.  This is the reason why an individual’s style of life becomes also fixed and unchangeable despite the many stages of development an individual goes through in life (Hall, Lindzay & Campbell 1997).

            These two concepts, style of life and the concept of the consciousness are subordinate to the concept of the creative self.  The creative self intervenes between the stimuli acting upon the person and the responses made on these stimuli.  The creative self is the aspect in the individual’s psyche that gives meaning to life because it is the active principle of life which transforms facts into a personality that is subjective, dynamic, unified, personal and unique (Hall, Lindzay & Campbell 1997).

Role of Society to Adler’s Theory

            According to Adler, human by nature are social beings.  By this definition, Adler considered the individual to have the innate desire to socialize with other people and his or her environment, making society play an important role in the development of an individual’s personality.  Here, Adler believes that the development of an individual’s personality is determined on the guidance and training given by society.  This is completely contradictory to Freud’s personality concept which sated that the behavior of the individual is determined by sexual instincts.  Society guides and trains an individual through various media such as education and guidance centers.  Ideally, society helps the individual to work on the individual’s weaknesses for the benefit of the individual.

Differences in an Individual’s Personality

            Because individuals are able to determine the style and personality they have through the concept of style of self, this explains why individuals possess unique personalities.  An individual has his or her own definition of what it means to attain superiority resulting to a number of means and ways for the individual to attain this.  Because of this, an individual’s behavior is determined and created in such a way that the individual is able to achieve his or her goal.  Adler stated that there are four different style of life commonly observed.  The first type and the most frequent is the “getting” type. This is characterized with the individual expecting to be given everything.  The second type is the “avoiding” type where the individual’s solution for the challenges and problems occurring in life is to avoid them.  The third type is the “rulling” type which refers to individuals who do not mingle with others.  The last type is the “social useful” type where individuals with this style of life are always in service to others.

Conclusion

            Adler’s theory of personality provided two reasons why there are a vast number of differences in personality seen among individuals despite the same situation two individuals are placed in.  This theory and concepts showed that man as an individual is not ruled by the notions given by society which is why there are some individuals who exhibit deviant behaviors despite the individual growing up in an environment where others do not exhibit the same behaviors.  This could explain why despite having what society may consider as a normal childhood, an individual may become a serial killer.  It also provides an explanation why in a crisis some individuals would go the extra mile and why some would run away.  More importantly, the permanence of an individual’s style of life would explain as to why despite various treatments and numerous counseling sessions, some behavior exemplified by individuals is considered to be untreatable.

References

Adler, A. (2007). The neurotic constitution: the origin and development of the feeling of

inferiority. In H. S. Friedman & M. W. Schustack (Eds.), The personality reader (pp. 42-43).  Needham Heights, MA: Allyn & Bacon.

Hall, C. S., Lindzey, G. & Campbell, J. B. (1997). Theories of personality, 4th ed. New

Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.

"Looking for a Similar Assignment? Order now and Get a Discount!

Get Better Grades Effortlessly
Calculate your paper price
Pages (550 words)
Approximate price: -

Why Work with Us

Top Quality and Well-Researched Papers

We always make sure that writers follow all your instructions precisely. You can choose your academic level: high school, college/university or professional, and we will assign a writer who has a respective degree.

Professional and Experienced Academic Writers

We have a team of professional writers with experience in academic and business writing. Many are native speakers and able to perform any task for which you need help.

Free Unlimited Revisions

If you think we missed something, send your order for a free revision. You have 10 days to submit the order for review after you have received the final document. You can do this yourself after logging into your personal account or by contacting our support.

Prompt Delivery and 100% Money-Back-Guarantee

All papers are always delivered on time. In case we need more time to master your paper, we may contact you regarding the deadline extension. In case you cannot provide us with more time, a 100% refund is guaranteed.

Original & Confidential

We use several writing tools checks to ensure that all documents you receive are free from plagiarism. Our editors carefully review all quotations in the text. We also promise maximum confidentiality in all of our services.

24/7 Customer Support

Our support agents are available 24 hours a day 7 days a week and committed to providing you with the best customer experience. Get in touch whenever you need any assistance.

Try it now!

Calculate the price of your order

Total price:
$0.00

How it works?

Follow these simple steps to get your paper done

Place your order

Fill in the order form and provide all details of your assignment.

Proceed with the payment

Choose the payment system that suits you most.

Receive the final file

Once your paper is ready, we will email it to you.

Our Services

No need to work on your paper at night. Sleep tight, we will cover your back. We offer all kinds of writing services.

Essays

Essay Writing Service

No matter what kind of academic paper you need and how urgent you need it, you are welcome to choose your academic level and the type of your paper at an affordable price. We take care of all your paper needs and give a 24/7 customer care support system.

Admissions

Admission Essays & Business Writing Help

An admission essay is an essay or other written statement by a candidate, often a potential student enrolling in a college, university, or graduate school. You can be rest assurred that through our service we will write the best admission essay for you.

Reviews

Editing Support

Our academic writers and editors make the necessary changes to your paper so that it is polished. We also format your document by correctly quoting the sources and creating reference lists in the formats APA, Harvard, MLA, Chicago / Turabian.

Reviews

Revision Support

If you think your paper could be improved, you can request a review. In this case, your paper will be checked by the writer or assigned to an editor. You can use this option as many times as you see fit. This is free because we want you to be completely satisfied with the service offered.

Get better grades effortlesslyIt’s cheaper than you might think

Effortlessly get the essays and grades you need. You can now get any essay, on any subject and at ANY deadline with just 10 minutes of your time (or less). Your professor will love you for it!